This outline of Zechariah is organized differently than our other overview and outline of Zechariah so we decided to include both outlines on our site.
Zechariah was a contemporary of Haggai and began to prophesy before the last two prophecies of Haggai. He is known as an apocalyptic prophet in that he gives us a series of eight visions. I title this book “The Prophecy of the Two Advents.” Both the first and second return of Christ are disclosed in this book. He strongly hints at a plurality in God, with the Angel of the LORD addressing the LORD in 1:12; with the interplay between the first and third person in 2:8-11; with the apparent reference to the Angel of the LORD as the “LORD” who in turn speaks, referencing the LORD in the third person, and removes sins in 3:1-4; with the reference to the Spirit in 4:6; and with the classic interplay of 12:10.
The book is frequently quoted and alluded to in the New Testament, up to 41 times (Nestle and Aland). He (Zechariah) refers to Christ as God’s Servant (3:8); the Branch (3:8; 6:12); the Stone (3:9); the King (9:9); the Shepherd (13:7). His prophecies include that He (the Messiah) will come on a colt (9:9) and in battle power (14:3-4); He will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver which are then thrown in the temple for the potter (11:12-13); that there will be a fountain for cleansing (13:1); that His hands and feet would be pierced (12:10) and that His feet would split the Mount of Olives in two, making a great valley (14:4). He tells us that Jerusalem will be restored and inhabited as a city without walls (2:4), with God being a wall of fire all around her. He tells us that Israel’s enemies will dissolve away in one of the most graphic depictions of total horror found in Scripture (14:12-15).
Date: November 520 B.C. to around 500 B.C.
Following an introduction, the book is divided into three parts:
I. Introduction 1:1-6
- Return to the LORD and He will return to you See James 4:8
- Though He delays, His Word will eventually catch up with everyone 1:6
II. The Eight Visions 1:7-7:14
- The Horses in the Myrtle Trees 1:7-17
- The earth is at rest but not Jerusalem
- the problem with the nations whom God raised up to punish Israel was that they carried out the punishment with evil intent 1:15
- Application: Life begins with all is fine outside but there is trouble within.
- The Four Horns 1:18-21
- God promises that those who wrecked Jerusalem have their day coming in which they will be destroyed
- Application: Salvation begins when God releases us from our trouble by destroying our enemies (Satan on the cross, putting to death sin in the flesh, overcoming the world)
- The Measuring Line 2:1-13
- God will dwell in Jerusalem’s midst and be a wall of protection around Jerusalem
- Application: Salvation comes when God dwells within and becomes our strong Protector
- The High Priest 3:1-10
- Joshua, as high priest, represents Jerusalem; God rebukes Satan and removes Jerusalem’s iniquity, placing on clean clothes, giving peace.
- Application: God forgives our sins and gives us clothes of righteousness
- The Lampstand and Two Olive Trees 4:1-14
- God will accomplish the work by His Holy Spirit, providing light and finishing the task of the temple.
- Application: God gives to us the Holy Spirit for power and ability to finish the task of building His temple.
- The Flying Scroll 5:1-4
- Sinners shall be removed from the land
- Application: Active sin shall be rooted out of our lives by the work of the Word of God.
- The Woman in the Basket 5:5-11
- Iniquity shall be taken away and put in its proper place
- Application: The indwelling sin will be removed from our lives.
- The Four Chariots 6:1-15
- God’s Spirit gives true rest
- Application: Outward peace is not true peace; true peace comes when God has finished the work in our lives.
III. The Question on Fasting 7-8
- Every little thing, including eating, should be done for Christ, not us 7:5-6
- The fast of the fourth month — the capture of Jerusalem, the day the city wall was breached by Nebuchadnezzar 2 Kings 25:3-4; Jeremiah 39:2
- The fast of the fifth month — the burning to the ground of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar 2 Kings 25:8-10
- The fast of the seventh month — commemorating the murder of Gedaliah Jeremiah 41:2
- The fast on the tenth month — commemorating the commencement of the siege of Jerusalem 2 Kings 25:1-2; Jeremiah 39:1
- Refusal to listen to God may lead to His refusal to listen to you 7:12-13
- Israel, who had been a curse among the nations would be a blessing 8:13, 23
- The Gentiles would come to seek the LORD 8:22
IV. The Coming of Christ 9-14
- The First Coming 9-11
- The Invasion of Alexander the Great 9:1-8
- the coming of Christ in peace 9:9-10
- the sons of Israel would triumph over the sons of Greece (happened literally with the Maccabees and symbolically with the triumph of Christianity over the philosophy of Greece)
- Complaint against the shepherds 10:1-11:17
- The Second Coming 12-14
- God will Deliver Judah 12:1-9
- Israel shall look upon the One whom they pierced 12:10-14
- There will be true cleansing and true worship 13:1-5
- Israel shall be refined when the shepherd is stricken 13:7-9
- God will come and destroy the enemies 14:1-15
- Nations shall live in holiness 14:16-21
Key Idea: The LORD is Coming
Key Passage: 12:10
Key Lesson: We must prepare for the coming of the LORD.